Agriculture is an integral part of the primary sector of the national economy of the Czech Republic. Its importance is not only in the production of food and other agricultural products, but it is also of great importance for the preservation of the cultural landscape and within the ecological approach to the environment.
In the Czech Republic, all crops characteristic for the geographical and climatic location of the country are grown. These are all the major types of cereals (wheat, barley, rye, oats and maize), sugar beet for sugar production, potatoes, oilseeds (rapeseed), flax, hops, fruits, vegetables and vines. Cattle (for milk and meat), pigs, and poultry are mainly raised in animal production in the Czech Republic.
The total area of the agricultural land fund of the Czech Republic is 4,269 thousand. ha (54.1% of the total area of the state). Its largest part is arable land, although its area is decreasing. On the other hand, the area of permanent grassland is increasing.
80% of agricultural land is leased. 75% of landowners are individuals.