Agriculture is an integral part of the primary sector of the national economy of the Czech Republic. Its importance is not only in the production of food and other agricultural products, but it is also of great significance for the preservation of the cultural landscape and in the context of an ecological approach to the environment.
All crops characteristic of the country’s geographical and climatic location are grown in the Czech Republic. These include all the main cereals (wheat, barley, rye, oats and maize), sugar beet for sugar production, potatoes, oilseeds (rape), flax, hops, fruit, vegetables and vines. Livestock production in the Czech Republic is mainly cattle (for milk and meat), pigs and poultry.
The total area of the agricultural land fund of the Czech Republic is 4 269 thousand ha (54.1% of the total area of the country). Most of it is arable land, although its area is decreasing. On the other hand, the area of permanent grassland is increasing.
80 % of agricultural land is under agricultural usufruct. 75 % of landowners are natural persons.